African American Employment
Black Unemployment Rate: August 2014: 11.4%
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Although African Americans have an unemployment rate almost double that of the overall population, the Black workforce is just as diverse. Because the federal government was one of the first to integrate, African Americans have been over represented in that sector.
More than 20% of the Black working population over 16 years old are employees of the federal, state, or local government which is just over 5% higher than the national average. On the other end a much smaller percentage of African Americans are self-employed (3.6%) than the national average of 6.2%.
Occupations of African Americans
Black women have made the greatest strides recently. In 2011 33% of Employed Black women have jobs in management or professional occupations compared to 23% of employed Black men. As a matter of fact 64% of working African American women hold “white collar” occupations compared to 50% of African American men. Thirty six percent of employed Black men hold “blue collar” occupations compared to 8% of Black Women.
The below chart categorizes the African American workforce by industry. As you can see we are again overrepresented in government jobs such as education, social assistance, and public administration. African Americans also have a large presence in the health care industry which is expected to see substantial job growth for the foreseeable future.
Among the major race and ethnicity groups, Hispanics continued to have the highest labor force participation rate (68.5 percent) in 2008, while the participation rate for blacks was the lowest (63.7 percent). The participation rates for whites (66.3 percent) and Asians (67.0 percent) were roughly midway between the rates for blacks and Hispanics, continuing a long-term pattern.(by Shandira Pavelcik)
SOURCE: 2010 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics