Black Men: Statistics
According to official 2018 estimates from the US Census Bureau the Black male population in the United States was 21 Million in 2018. This is 48% of the total Black population compared to Black females who make up 52% of the Black population.
Compared to all males in America Black males are on average younger at 33 years old compared to the age of ‘all males’ (37 years old). However, when looking at a breakdown of age, Black male children under 18 years old are at the same percentage as ‘all male children’ (51%). The percent of the population who are males declines much quicker for Black males as they get older due to a higher mortality rate than males on average (see table on left). This considering that men of all races and ethnicities have a shorter lifespan than women.
More about population…
By 2018 about 50% of Black men 25 and older had been to college although just over half (54%) of them actually completed a degree compared to 60% of ‘all men’ who attended college, two-thirds of which (66%) have completed a degree.
The biggest disparity between Black men and ‘all men’ in America is with those who have a bachelors degree. Only 19% of Black men have a bachelors degree compared to 32% of ‘all men’. Second is the number of Black men who finished high school but did not pursue higher education, 35% compared to 28% of ‘all men’.
The percent of Black men who have an associates degree (7%) is just about equal to that of ‘all men’ (8%) in America (see above table). Only 15% of Black men over 25 did not complete high school. This is still higher than the percent for men of all races and ethnic groups together. More about Education…
African American males ages 16 to 64 had a lower participation rate in the labor force (69%) compared to ‘all males’ (79%) (see below table). Labor force participation refers to the percent of men who were either working or looking for work. Males not in the labor force include those who may be full time students, disabled, and others who are not looking or gave up looking for employment for other reasons.
The 37% of African American males who worked full time all year in 2018 had median earnings of $30,928 compared to $41,119 for ‘all men’ (above table). Of Black men ages 16 to 64 years old, 41% had no earnings in 2018 which was higher than the 30% of ‘all men’ with no earnings in the same age group.
Compared to ‘all men’ in the United States Black men who worked were much less likely to work in occupations that may be considered white collar and were much more likely to hold blue collar or service jobs. Only 41% of working Black men held so-called white collar jobs compared to 50% of ‘all men’ (see left chart). For the purpose of the above table white collar occupations include but are not limited to jobs in management, business, computers, office, legal, education, etc.
Blue collar occupations which were held by 36% of working Black men include employment in construction, maintenance and repair, installation, production, transportation, etc. Service occupations include healthcare support, protective service, food preparation and serving, etc.
Cities Where Black Men with Jobs Outnumber Black Women
Nationwide there are 93 Black men with full-time jobs for every 100 Black women with full-time jobs but that number can vary greatly depending on the location. (See Chart Below)
For example 1. San Diego (167%) has 167 full-time working Black men for every 100 full-time working Black women, while 49. St. Louis (78%) only has 78 full-time working Black men for every 100 full-time working Black women. SEE LIST OF ALL CITIES
The percentages of Black men who are married and who have never been married are almost the exact opposite of those percentages for ‘all men’ in America (left chart). Although 52% of Black men have NEVER been married 49% of ‘all men’ are CURRENTLY married. Only 33% of Black men are CURRENTLY married while only 37% of ‘all men’ in America have NEVER been married. Black men are also slightly more likely to be separated from their spouses (3%) compared to all men at 3%. In addition, Black men are just as likely to be widowed (3%) compared to ‘all men’.
Black men are more likely to be married than Black women (above chart). As a matter of fact in 2017 there were about 479,617 more Black men who were married than Black women even though Black women were 51% of the Black population. Although the vast majority of Black men (85%) were married to Black women, an even larger percent (93%) of Black women are married to Black men. More about Marriage…
In 2012 The U.S Census Bureau released a report that studied the history of marriage in the United States. They discovered some startling statistics when calculating marriage by race. They found that African Americans age 35 and older were more likely to be married than White Americans from 1890 until sometime around the 1960s. Not only did they swap places during the 60s but in 1980 the number of NEVER married African Americans began a staggering climb from about 10% to more than 25% by 2010 while the percentage remained just over 10% for White men through 2000. The chart above was included in the report only the heading has been altered by BlackDemographics.com to outline these findings.
The above chart illustrates how closely the marriage graph for Black men aligns with the incarceration numbers which also experienced an abnormal climb beginning in 1980. This does not prove causation however it shows that they are related due to the assumption that men in prison are less likely to marry.
NOTE: Data Below is from 2013 or before. It has yet to be updated.
In 2013 about 6% of working-age (18-64yrs old) Black men were in state or federal prison, or in a municipal jail (see chart right). This was three times higher than the 2% of ‘all men’ in the same age group. What’s even more concerning is that approximately 34%* of all working-age Black men who were not incarcerated were ex-offenders compared to 12% of ‘all men’ which means they have at one point in their lives been convicted of a felony. This data coincides with the increased absence of Black men in the labor force because ex-offenders are prevented from obtaining a large percentage of occupations either by law and are often legally discriminated against by private employers.
*IMPORTANT NOTE: Ex-offender calculations have a larger range of uncertainty than most due to the range of factors and degree of variance of each sources methodology. Recidivism (repeat offending), unknown death rates, and difference in state reporting methods are some of the factors contributing to this uncertainty. Sources from 1998-2008)
In 2013 Fourteen percent of working-age Black men were veterans of U.S. military which was just slightly lower than all male veterans (15%). A larger percentage of working age Black men were considered disabled (16%) compared to ‘all men’ (11%).
According to a report by the CDC, 57% of Black men ages 15-44 have children under 18, compared to 50% of all fathers in the same age group. A total of 58% of Black fathers live with one or more of their children which is considerably lower than 76% of all fathers in similar living situations. About 73% of Black fathers bathed, diapered, or helped children dress, or use the toilet several times a week or more for their children who were 4 years old or younger compared to 81% of all fathers. Also 73% of Black fathers talked with their children (older than 5) about things that happened during the day several times a week or more compared to 77% of all fathers. This emphasizes the fact that a larger percent Black fathers who do not live with their children are more involved than most fathers in similar living arrangements. One of the topics that stand out was that Black fathers in general are a little more likely to help their children with homework than all fathers despite only 58% of Black fathers living with their children compared to 76% of all fathers.