State DataBlackTotal State
Median household income$29,218$43,529
Bachelor’s degree or higher15.3%21.9%
Family poverty rate27.2%14.9%
Percentage households Married-couple families28.0%44.2%
Homeowner rate53.5%68.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates


Mississippi River
Mississippi River

Mississippi’s Black population was 1,149,341 in 2017 according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The actual percentage of African Americans in Mississippi was 39% which makes it the largest percent of African Americans of any state in the country. The Black population added just over 70,000 African Americans between 2000 and 2011 which is much fewer than most southern states. Part of this has to do with the overall slow growth in the state as well as the migration patterns from the rural South to other southern Sunbelt cities. Despite being one of the poorest states Mississippi has the highest percentage of Black homeowners than any other state at 55.6% compared to the lowest which is Minnesota at 24.3 percent.

The Jackson metropolitan area has one of the largest percentages of African Americans of any metro in America at 48 percent, however the majority of Blacks live in many of the rural majority Black counties throughout the state. The largest concentration of Black counties is in the Mississippi Delta which lies in the western part of the state between the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers.  Before the civil war this area was home to many large slave plantations because of its fertile soil. Although many African Americans left after the Civil War many remained in what is now one of the poorest regions in the nation. There are also many Black majority counties in other parts of the state.

Mississippi remained a majority Black state until the 1930s. During the Great Migrations north a large percent of Blacks from Mississippi moved to Chicago and other northern cities using the railroads. The popular Black newspaper, “The Chicago Defender “ used the railroads as a distribution tool during that time to spread its influence south. The Chicago Defender often encouraged African Americans in the south to move there providing tips about jobs and places to stay upon arrival. Today although many young Black men and women continue to leave the state, some of its growth in Black population is from retirees who are choosing to move back to Mississippi from northern cities such as Chicago.

Get the Complete Mississippi African American Population Report

The report consists of data tables compiled from the 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates and compares the state Black population to the state total population all in one 16 page report including 23 charts and graphs report for $2.99. (purchase below)

This report includes 289 data comparisons regarding 33 topics:

  • Total number reported
    1 data comparison
  • Sex and age
    19 data comparisons
  • Relationship
    6 data comparisons
  • Households by type
    18 data comparisons
  • Marital status
    18 data comparisons
  • Responsibility for grandchildren
    3 data comparisons
  • School enrollment status
    12 data comparisons
  • Educational attainment
    12 data comparisons
  • Class of workers
    5 data comparisons
  • Commuting to work
    8 data comparisons
  • Employment status
    14 data comparisons
  • Occupation
    18 data comparisons
  • Industry
    14 data comparisons
  • Poverty rates for families and people
    19 data comparisons
  • Income
    30 data comparisons
  • Housing tenure
    5 data comparisons
  • Monthly owner costs as a percentage of household income
    3 data comparisons
  • Owner characteristics
    4 data comparisons
  • Gross rent as a percentage of household income
    3 data comparisons
  • Gross rent
    2 data comparisons
  • Units in structure
    5 data comparisons
  • Year structure built
    7 data comparisons
  • House heating fuel
    5 data comparisons
  • Selected characteristics
    3 data comparisons
  • Residence 1 year ago
    8 data comparisons
  • Place of birth, citizenship status and year of entry
    16 data comparisons
  • World region of birth of foreign born
    7 data comparisons
  • Language spoken at home and ability to speak English
    4 data comparisons
  • Fertility
    4 data comparisons
  • Veteran status
    2 data comparisons
  • Disability status
    8 data comparisons
  • Health insurance coverage
    4 data comparisons
  • Vehicles available
    3 data comparisons

Mississippi Population Report (289 data comparisons regarding 33 topics and 23 charts and graphs)
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