Chicago Black Population Profile
Chicago has the third largest urban Black population in the nation mostly the result of the huge influx of African Americans during both of the “Great Black Migrations” north. The largest percent came from Mississippi, but many also came from other South Central states such as Louisiana, Arkansas, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, and East Texas. Most were attracted by the city’s railway companies steel mills, and meatpacking houses, the black population in Chicago grew from 44,000 in 1910 to 235,000 in 1930.

The Black newspaper “The Chicago Defender” Spread the news to African Americans in the south that there was a better life and plenty of jobs in Chicago. They used the trains to let Black Southerners know where to go when they got there, to live and work. It was estimated that about 3,000 Black  Americans a day were getting off of trains in the city during the 1940’s.

The majority of Blacks moved to the city’s south side where these major industries were located at the time. Chicago’s black belt consisted of a 30 block long stretch of neighborhoods on the south side of old and dilapidated housing. Much like Harlem, NY, Blacks were over-crowded in apartment buildings that lacked pluming and healthy sanitary condition.

Today it is evident that the African American population outgrew that original 30 block barrier and now the entire south side is majority Black. There is also a significant Black population on the west side of the city. Chicago followed the same patterns as many other American cities with White flight followed by Black flight both to the suburbs. African Americans have favored the southern suburbs where there are many majority Black working class and middle class municipalities

Many of the African Americans in the southern suburbs relocated from the adjacent south side of Chicago while many Black migrants favored nearby western suburbs.  The 2010 census revealed that the city of Chicago itself lost 17 percent of its Black population between 2000 and 2010 while the entire Chicago region gained Black population at a modest rate of 4 percent. The latest census also revealed the effect of the reverse migration back to the south usually to the major employment centers of Atlanta, Dallas, and Houston. Also cities such as Birmingham, Memphis, and Jackson, MS all noted a gain of Black residents from Chicago.


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Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, ILIN-WI Metro

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The report consists of data tables compiled from the 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates and compares the Black Metropolitan population to the total Metropolitan population all in one 8 page report for $2.99. (purchase below)

This report includes 289 data comparisons regarding 33 topics including:
  • Total number reported
    1 data comparison
  • Sex and age  
    19 data comparisons
  • Relationship  
    6 data comparisons
  • Households by type
    18 data comparisons
  • Marital status  
    18 data comparisons
  • Responsibility for grandchildren
    3 data comparisons
  • School enrollment status
    12 data comparisons
  • Educational attainment
    12 data comparisons
  • Class of workers
    5 data comparisons
  • Commuting to work
    8 data comparisons
  • Employment status
    14 data comparisons
  • Occupation
    18 data comparisons
  • Industry
    14 data comparisons
  • Poverty rates for families and people
    19 data comparisons
  • Income
    30 data comparisons
  • Housing tenure
    5 data comparisons
  • Monthly owner costs as a percentage of household income
    3 data comparisons
  • Owner characteristics
    4 data comparisons
  • Gross rent as a percentage of household income 
    3 data comparisons
  • Gross rent
    2 data comparisons
  • Units in structure
    5 data comparisons
  • Year structure built
    7 data comparisons
  • House heating fuel
    5 data comparisons
  • Selected characteristics
    3 data comparisons
  • Residence 1 year ago
    8 data comparisons
  • Place of birth, citizenship status and year of entry
    16 data comparisons
  • World region of birth of foreign born
    7 data comparisons
  • Language spoken at home and ability to speak English
    4 data comparisons
  • Fertility
    4 data comparisons
  • Veteran status
    2 data comparisons
  • Disability status
    8 data comparisons
  • Health insurance coverage
    4 data comparisons
  • Vehicles available
    3 data comparisons

Chicago Metropolitan Population Report (289 data comparisons regarding 33 topics)
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