The African American population of the Detroit Metropolitan area in 2014 was 961,871 making it the 10th largest Black population of any city in the United States. This is almost 70,000 fewer African Americans than in 2000 when the Black population was more than 1 million. White Flight and the massive loss of manufacturing jobs over the last few decades led to negative population growth in this region. As the population in the Detroit area as a whole declined the Black population also decreased and now ranks a few positions lower among other cities than it did just 20 years prior. 

Black Detroit has a very interesting history. African Americans migrated to Detroit in very large numbers during the “Great Black Migrations”. The largest percentage came from Alabama, while many others came from Georgia, Tennessee, and Kentucky. This increased Detroit’s black population from under 6,000 in 1910 to 120,000 in 1930 during the first Great Migration and by the end of the second migration the Black population in Detroit grew to more than one million.

The city of Detroit once boasted the largest Black middle class in America. However after the riots in 1943 and 1967, and school desegregation, the White population left in such large numbers that today the city of Detroit has the largest Black majority (84%) than any other large city in the nation. It is also the most segregated of all large cities with urban Black population percentages in the 80s and most suburban White populations above 90%.

Download the Complete African American Population Report for:

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metro

Cities Sample

The report consists of data tables compiled from the 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates and compares the Black Metropolitan population to the total Metropolitan population all in one 8 page report for $2.99. (see below for report details)

This report includes 289 data comparisons regarding 33 topics:

  • Total number of races reported – (1 data comparison)
  • Sex and age – (19 data comparisons)
  • Relationship – (6 data comparisons)
  • Households by type – (18 data comparisons)
  • Marital status – (18 data comparisons)
  • Responsibility for grandchildren under 18 years – (3 data comparisons)
  • School enrollment – (12 data comparisons)
  • Educational attainment – (12 data comparisons)
  • Class of worker – (5 data comparisons)
  • Commuting to work – (8 data comparisons)
  • Employment status – (14 data comparisons)
  • Occupation – (18 data comparisons)
  • Industry – (14 data comparisons)
  • Poverty rates for families and people – (19 data comparisons)
  • Income – (30 data comparisons)
  • Housing tenure – (5 data comparisons)
  • Selected monthly owner costs as a percentage of household income in the past 12 months – (3 data comparisons)
  • Owner characteristics – (4 data comparisons)
  • Gross rent as a percentage of household income in the past 12 months – (3 data comparisons)
  • Gross rent – (2 data comparisons)
  • Units in structure – (5 data comparisons)
  • Year structure built – (7 data comparisons)
  • House heating fuel – (5 data comparisons)
  • Selected characteristics – (3 data comparisons)
  • Residence 1 year ago – (8 data comparisons)
  • Place of birth, citizenship status and year of entry – (16 data comparisons)
  • World region of birth of foreign born – (7 data comparisons)
  • Language spoken at home and ability to speak English – (4 data comparisons)
  • Fertility – (4 data comparisons)
  • Veteran status – (2 data comparisons)
  • Disability status – (8 data comparisons)
  • Health insurance coverage – (4 data comparisons)
  • Vehicles available – (3 data comparisons)

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